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In November 1991, the ship lost its anchor in a storm and drifted on to the Goodwin Sands in the Channel. Meanwhile, Radio Mi Amigo had interference on 1562 kHz and changed to 1412 kHz (212 m). [15], On 20 June 1966, Smedley boarded the Shivering Sands Fort with 10 workmen to repossess a transmitter that he had supplied, but had not been paid for. Radio Caroline was begun by Irish musician manager and businessman Ronan O'Rahilly, after he failed to obtain airplay on Radio Luxembourg for Georgie Fame's records because the station was committed to sponsored programmes promoting major record labels: EMI, Decca, Pye and Philips. The following day, Caroline was one of few stations in the South East still broadcasting. O'Rahilly promised financial backing if van Dam could return the ship to broadcasting condition. Quality Album Channel. Belgium had outlawed offshore radio in 1962 and prosecuted advertisers, cutting the station's revenue. On 30 August 1974 Mi Amigo moved from the Dutch coast to the Knock Deep Channel, approximately 12 miles (19 km) from the British coast. Radio Caroline broadcast appeals for help, giving the ship's position as .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°41′N 1°35′E / 51.683°N 1.583°E / 51.683; 1.583. For several months only one transmitter could be used, leading to the loss of the income-generating Radio Monique, although a substitute Dutch daytime service, Radio 558 (later Radio 819), was eventually established. Southern England, western Europe, Northern England, Ireland and Scotland. The station's slogan was Your all-day music station. On 3 March 1977, Caroline closed, announcing that it would return six days later on 319 metres. To accommodate the second aerial, a second short mast, just in front of the bridge, was employed as the other end of the aerial fixed to the main mast. One of Radio Caroline's directors, Major Oliver Smedley, formerly of Radio Atlanta, entered a partnership with Radio City's owner, pop group manager Reginald Calvert and installed a more powerful transmitter on the fort. Bubblegum Lemonade released "Caroline's Radio" in 2010 which was a nostalgic look back at listening to Radio Caroline. Throughout most of the 1970s, Radio Caroline could be heard only at night, calling itself "Europe's first and only album station". On 31 July 2014 the ship was moved to the Blackwater Estuary in Essex.[43]. Several years later some of the seized items were returned to the station. In 1976, The Loving Awareness Band released their only album, Loving Awareness on More Love Records (ML001), a label set up by O'Rahilly. DJs could choose ordering of oldies – all current pop hits in strict rotation. Various: broadly according to era and frequency: 1960s : mainstream pop. Later, some programmes were pre-recorded on land and broadcast simultaneously from both ships. Internet streaming of Radio Caroline programmes continued. A coastguard vessel escorted the launch back to shore, but the authorities were unhappy that Caroline listeners had jammed the emergency switchboards. They emailed me back to say they don't give out their studios address on air as they said people would be turning up uninvited hoping to get to meet the presenters and people behind the scenes and this would be unfair to them and their neighbours. Who's DJ theme was this on Radio Caroline in the 60's - then went on to Radio 1? At one minute past midnight on 1 October 2001, Caroline returned on 1503 kHz from the LV (Light Vessel) 18 in Harwich harbour. Most of Radio Caroline's pop music programmes were targeted at housewives, and some later programming was aimed at children. Radio Caroline continued, moving its headquarters and servicing operation to Spain. Former Radio Caroline DJ Tony Blackburn was the first presenter on air. (Anderson): Yeah. Because commercial radio was prohibited in Belgium, Radio Mi Amigo had little competition from the former BRT State Radio and TV (today VRT Flemisch State radio and TV) and became very popular in Belgium, the Netherlands and the UK. Original 1960s Caroline North jingles were interspersed with generic Radio Caroline ones. Miss P is one of the most famous female radio DJs of all times. Because of a law that allows pirates in distress to come ashore without arrest, the running aground had no consequences for the crew. This is the official Facebook page of Radio Caroline, Europe's 1st album station. Broadcasting from various offshore locations to Western Europe, Status unclear and mainly operated by supporters, Radio Atlantis 1973 and Radio Mi-Amigo 1974–1978, Geographic areas bordering upon North Sea, 963 kHz (wavelength announced as "319" metres) later moving to 819 kHz with additional transmitter in 531–594 kHz range (principally 558 kHz). From 2007, the ship was docked at Tilbury, where a volunteer crew repaired and maintained it. The four-week event was funded through on-air local business commercials. [5] The Cheeta II was equipped for FM broadcasting, so it was fitted with the 10 kW transmitter from the Mi Amigo, feeding a makeshift antenna. At times, a 10 kW transmitter was used to save fuel and relieve the generators. (Gordon): Well, we're sorry to tell you that due to the severe weather conditions and the fact that we are shipping quite a lot of water, we are closing down, and the crew are at this stage leaving the ship. Radio Monique was popular throughout Benelux. [61], Firsthand account – During a training mission on a HH-53 rescue helicopter from the 67th Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squadron out of, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Marine, &c., Broadcasting (Offences) Act 1967, Report of the Committee on the Future of Broadcasting, "Radio Caroline now available on London DAB", "Ofcom awards five new AM community radio licences", "When pop pirates ruled Britannia's airwaves", "Snubbed by the radio and music establishment, O'Rahilly devises the sweet revenge of Radio Caroline", "The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame: Sylvan the Stowaway", "Dorothy Calvert: Rock'n'roll entrepreneur and pirate radio pioneer", "Wireless and Television Pirate Stations (1966)", "The day we woke up to pop music on Radio 1", "Caroline continues alone, is overwhelmed by difficulties but returns to punish the politicians", "How a radio ship and 7 men shook up Britain in 1964", "This site is put together by Johnny Lewis, an engineer and presenter who worked on the station at the time", "The Pirate Radio Hall of Fame: the seventies", http://images.45cat.com/the-one-shots-caroline-jingles-jumbo.jpg, "Sheerness Lifeboats: Station History and Awards", "Appeal for memories of the Grimsby trawler Ross Revenge", "The wet and wild history of Radio Caroline (4)", "Photos of the transmitters can be found here", "Radio Caroline: Into the new millennium", "Bringing Caroline into the new millennium", "Radio Caroline finally appears on Sky EPG", "Radio Caroline decides to get rid of its EPG slot", "Radio Caroline App for iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch on iTunes Store", "Ronan O'Rahilly, Radio Caroline founder who inspired UK pop and pirate radio, dies aged 79", "Radio Puketapu stakeholder has pirate past", How 7 men and a radio ship shook up Britain (Flashes & Flames), Radio Caroline, Ramsey Harbour 15/08/1967 & 28/08/1964, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Radio_Caroline&oldid=998581884, Classic rock radio stations in the United Kingdom, Internet radio stations in the United Kingdom, Pirate radio stations in the United Kingdom, Rock radio stations in the United Kingdom, Defunct radio stations in the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from June 2011, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2014, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Radio Caroline on 199, your all day music station" (1960s). The ship has working radio studios, from which both Caroline and BBC Essex have broadcast. [32], The station restarted in August 1983 from a new radio ship, the MV Ross Revenge, an ex-North Sea factory fishing trawler used during the Anglo-Icelandic Cod War by Ross Fisheries. The Radio Caroline "album" station has been streamed on the internet for many years, accessible via the station's website, with more streams on various devices. [19] It was not until RNI returned to its original anchorage off the Netherlands that the jamming ceased. (Anderson): It's not a very good occasion really, we have to hurry this because the lifeboat is standing by. Today the paintwork is peeling, the … Although most broadcasting staff left at that time, some remained for a year as caretakers while funding and equipment were sought. The Dutch claimed the ship's Panamanian registration had lapsed in 1987 and it was not under legal protection from any country and that its transmissions breached international regulations which since 1982 had prohibited broadcasting from outside national territories. 15 August 1967 following passage of the Marine Offences Act, Broadcasting from various locations offshore to Western Europe. A brief name change from Radio North Sea International during the UK General Election campaign, after which the station reverted to its original name. Between 31 January and 1 May, Radio Caroline South broadcast from the vessel Cheeta II, owned by Britt Wadner of Swedish offshore station Radio Syd, which was off the air because of pack ice in the Baltic Sea. RNI operated on medium wave, short wave and FM. Broadcasting hours were 6 am to 6 pm to avoid competition from Radio Luxembourg, which began transmissions at 6 pm. Since 19 August 2000, Radio Caroline has also broadcast 24 hours a day via the internet and by the occasional restricted service licence. It began taking in water and the crew was rescued by lifeboat. (ii)576 kHz: continuation of above, with slightly more singles played. In the evenings, Radio Caroline transmitted Dutch and American religious evangelist broadcasters such as Johan Maasbach and Roy Masters on medium wave, and later on short wave, under the name Viewpoint 963/819, or World Mission Radio (WMR) on short wave. When Marine &c. Broadcasting Offences Act become law on 14 August 1967, Radio Caroline was renamed Radio Caroline International. On 1 September, a small motor launch had difficulties in rough seas. O'Rahilly wanted Radio Caroline to become an oldies station. News stories appeared in Europe[20] announcing the start of Caroline Television[21] from two Super Constellation aircraft using Stratovision technology. At its peak, the station had 23 million listeners. We're not leaving and disappearing, we're going onto the lifeboat hoping that the pumps can take it; if they can, we'll be back, if not, well, we really don't like to say it. At the same time, Allan Crawford's Project Atlanta was equipping the MV Mi Amigo at Greenore, where the two competed to be the first on air. The Move’s “Flowers In The Rain” was the first record played. Radio Atlanta closed at 8 p.m. that day. (i) 963 kHz : unformatted free-choice album format, with news. The UK Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) put a permanent watch on movements around the Ross Revenge and the MV Communicator, Laser 558's ship. Since September 2015, Radio Caroline has been broadcasting 'live' for one weekend each month[55] as "Radio Caroline North" (with original DJs and a mixed sixties, seventies and eighties music content and jingles) from its former home the MV Ross Revenge on the Blackwater Estuary in Essex, via Manx Radio's 1368 kHz 20 kW transmitter on the Isle of Man. The Dutch government banned unlicensed offshore radio on 1 September 1974. [24] The station's offices and studios were in Brakel, Belgium, but moved to Castell-Platja d'Aro, Costa Brava, Spain in March 1975 after a raid by Belgian police. Radio Caroline was off the air for most of the 1990s, except for occasional low-power broadcasts of one month. [1] Dale was one of the DJs on Radio Caroline on 14 August 1967 with Johnnie Walker, when the Marine Broadcasting Offences Act came into effect. This gave reasonable reception by day but strong heterodyne interference at night because the transmitter crystal was off-channel. [5] The TV operation was later found to be a publicity stunt.[22]. Broadcasters included Tony Christian, Pawl "Hound Dog" Shanley, Dave Fox, Simon West, Dale Richardson and Peter D.[citation needed]. Now Playing: Radio airplay monitoring powered by ACRCloud. Pirate radio Dale was chief DJ on the offshore pirate radio ship Radio Caroline. [citation needed], In Spain, a station broadcast during the summer 2009 on 102.7 MHz in the Costa Blanca from studios in Benidorm. On 9 August 1985, an official vessel anchored 150 yards from the Ross Revenge. Radio Caroline began to broadcast from the ship on 19 August 1983, with unwanted mechanical sounds on speech. [17], On 3 March 1968, the radio ships Mi Amigo and Caroline, were boarded and seized before the day's broadcasting began. In practice, day-to-day servicing was carried from France and the UK. [6] O'Rahilly named the station after Caroline Kennedy, daughter of U.S. president John F. Smedley later withdrew from the deal. Part of the raid was broadcast live[37] before officials disabled the transmitters. Radio Caroline is a British radio station founded in 1964 by Ronan O'Rahilly initially to circumvent the record companies' control of popular music broadcasting in the United Kingdom and the BBC's radio broadcasting monopoly. (Gordon): For the moment from all of us, goodbye and God bless. Having to manoeuvre the lifeboat alongside the stricken vessel 13 times in high seas and a north-easterly gale earned Coxswain Charles Bowry an RNLI Silver Medal. The station played a wide selection of music from when Caroline started in the 1960s, but also included music from the 70s and 80s and early 90s to widen the audience profile. [clarification needed]. On 3 September 1985 at 00:00 hours the Dioptric Surveyor departed in a storm. Each of his crew was awarded The Thanks of the Institution on vellum. Her story illustrates how uniquely dangerous government regards an independent voice transmitted over unrestricted airwaves and to what ends it will go to silence it."[39]. This is Radio Caroline, the ship that launched a thousand hits, a string of DJs and inspired a new film, The Boat That Rocked. After the closedown of Radio Caroline he worked on the Dutch pirate radio ship Radio Veronica from May 1968 to August 1969. I recently emailed Radio Caroline to ask where their studios are located since they moved out of The Maidstone Studios. Some DJs from the USA and Commonwealth countries, such as Graham Webb, Emperor Rosko, Steve Young, Keith Hampshire, Colin Nicol and Norman St John, were also heard. (iii)558 kHz: strict pop and oldies mainstream format (no presenter music choice) with strict adherence to format clocks. Simon Dee was later joined by Tony Blackburn, Tony Prince, Dave Lee Travis and Johnnie Walker. Alongside 558 kHz in London generator fuel line and departed, Barry James, Steve Cisco and Boutell... 11 October at Chemlsford Assizes, where it began taking in water and the Netherlands storm losing. Be back in one way or another was awarded the Thanks of the seized were. Is a member of the raid was broadcast live during the evening mainstream pop unformatted free-choice format! Satellite transmissions ended at midnight on 30 September 2013 selection of album from. 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