08 Ene 2021

Commercial Production of Calcium Carbonate Calcium carbonate is produced commercially in two different grades. Molecular formula : CaCO 3. Your body constantly breaks down and rebuilds itself requiring a continual intake of minerals such as calcium. Effects are only seen when this dose is significantly exceeded. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison control. Calcium carbonate reacts vigorously with acids to produce the appropriate salt, carbon dioxide and water. It … Safe in every conditions (non-toxic, odorless, noncombustible, nonexplosive) Application in Various Industries, such as: Paper Industry. Editorial team. Your body constantly breaks down and rebuilds itself requiring a continual intake of minerals such as calcium. CaCO3) is a non-toxic and odorless inorganic salt, commonly found as a white mineral (calcite) which occurs naturally in chalks, limestones and marbles. Calcium carbonate, also known as Tums®, is an oral calcium salt that is used to treat pets with low calcium levels (hypocalcemia), as an antacid and/or as a phosphate binder in dogs and cats. Calcium carbonate is a non-toxic and odourless compound commonly found as a white mineral which occurs naturally in chalks, limestones and marbles. Recovery is quite likely. Calcium carbonate is not very poisonous. Calcium carbonate is commonly found in antacids (for heartburn) and some dietary supplements. The trends are illustrative for pool management, but whether scaling occurs also depends on other factors including interactions with Mg2+, B(OH)−4 and other ions in the pool, as well as supersaturation effects. This is one reason that some pool operators prefer borate over bicarbonate as the primary pH buffer, and avoid the use of pool chemicals containing calcium.[57]. survival).Download : Download high-res image (138KB) Download : Download full-size image It is used as a filler and whitener in many cosmetic products including mouth washes, creams, pastes, powders and lotions. High calcium levels can also cause serious heart rhythm disturbances. Calcium Carbonate (a.k.a. Page 1 of 6 MSDS - Calcium Carbonate Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) - Calcium carbonate 1. Calcium carbonate is a common compound found on Earth with a chemical composition of CaCO₃.It is found in rocks such as marble, limestone, chalk, travertine, etc. Aronson JK. Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound used as both a calcium supplement and an antacid. DO NOT make the person throw up unless poison control or a health care provider tells you to. Potential Chronic Health Effects: Clam shells are almost pure calcium carbonate, and wood ashes comprise a variety of carbonates and oxides. Symptoms of a calcium carbonate overdose include: Seek medical help right away. All calcium is not water soluble, nor is it digestible or recognizable by the body, therefore, the body is unable to process it effectively. Calcium carbonate is a dietary supplement used when the amount of calcium taken in the diet is not enough. In terms of the inert materials (calcium carbonate or barium sulfate), there is very little that differentiates one brand from another, although some companies claim an advantage for being “barium free”. Calcium Carbonate (Bad) - causes scale and plaque. Testing by ConsumerLab.com in 2011 found AlgaeCal Plus to contain a higher amount of lead (a toxic heavy metal) (5.2 mcg per daily serving of 4 capsules) than many other calcium-containing supplements. California Prop 65 California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed. Slightly hazardous in cas e of skin contact (irritant), of ingestion, of inhalation. Calcium carbonate is commonly found in antacids (for heartburn) and some dietary supplements. Calcium carbonate is a non-toxic and odourless compound commonly found as a white mineral which occurs naturally in chalks, limestones and marbles. Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). What is calcium carbonate? Luckily, calcium carbonate can help prevent or reduce the effects of osteoporosis. Calcium carbonate nanoparticles (CaCO 3 NPs) derived from CO 2 are evaluated in terms of toxicological profile both in vitro (cells) and in vivo (zebrafish). It is used as a whitening agent in paints, soaps, art products, paper, polishes, putty products and cement. Research has shown that although calcium citrate is absorbed well on an empty stomach, the difference in absorption rates of calcium carbonate and calcium … Calcium Carbonate Toxicology Identification and Uses. Approach to the poisoned patient. CAS# 471-34-1 can be found on the following state right to know lists: Pennsylvania, (listed as Calcium carbonate), Minnesota, (listed as Calcium carbonate), Massachusetts, (listed as Calcium carbonate). Calcium carbonate is used to prevent or to treat a calcium deficiency. In this situation, dissolved inorganic carbon (total inorganic carbon) is far from equilibrium with atmospheric CO2. Calcium carbonate is common chalk. Calcium Supplements are toxic To Dogs Clinical signs are agitation, aggression, vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, tremors, respiratory or cardiovascular depression. It is an inexpensive, non-toxic and easily available reagent with a wide range of applications. It does NOT need to be an emergency. What is calcium carbonate? Calcium is a mineral that is found naturally in foods. But, long-term overuse is more serious than a single overdose, because it can cause kidney stones and more serious damage to kidney function. The findings are compared to David Wolfe's theory of bad calcium and the dangers of toxic calcium in the body. Calcium carbonate overdose occurs when someone takes more than the normal or recommended amount of a product containing this substance. These medicines provide heartburn relief. Progress towards equilibrium through outgassing of CO2 is slowed by, In this situation, the dissociation constants for the much faster reactions. -Effervescent tablets contain insoluble calcium carbonate; when the tablet is added to water, it is converted into absorbable calcium carbonate. 6H2O, may precipitate from water at ambient conditions and persist as metastable phases. But, long-term overuse is more serious than a single overdose, because it can cause kidney stones and more serious damage to kidney function. It may be used to treat conditions caused by low calcium levels such as bone loss (osteoporosis), weak bones (osteomalacia/rickets), decreased activity of the parathyroid gland (hypoparathyroidism), and a certain muscle disease (latent tetany). When it encounters hydrochloric acid in the stomach, it is converted into calcium chloride, reducing acidity and removing the unpleasant sensation of excess stomach acid and acid reflux. 3: Hazards Identification Potential Acute Health Effects: Hazardous in case of eye contact (irritant). The carbonate part of calcium carbonate is responsible for Tums’ alkali qualities 2 5. These rocks are classified as limestones, a general term used for a rock containing varying proportions of calcite and dolomite. These rocks are classified as limestones, a general term used for a rock containing varying proportions of calcite and dolomite. Calcium carbonate is also a food additive approved by the Council Directive 95/2/EC … calcium carbonate, calcium carbonate, precipitated, calcium carbonate; calcium carbonate; slaker rejects, calcium salt carbonic acid, carbonic acid calcium salt (1:1), carbonic acid, calcium salt, heavy calcium carbonate, precipitated calcium carbonate… In: Aronson JK, ed. [55][56] Scaling is commonly observed in electrolytic chlorine generators, where there is a high pH near the cathode surface and scale deposition further increases temperature. Many over-the-counter antacids contain calcium carbonate, which can contribute to your daily calcium intake. The result from this study demonstrates that uncoated nano calcium carbonate is not acutely toxic to fish at the limit of its solubility in water. White color. Keegan's Calcium Carbonate can produce any grading of GCC from … Calcium carbonate occurs in the natural environment and humans are widely exposed to naturally occurring calcium carbonate, e.g. Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs. Calcium carbonate and calcium acetate are also taken by mouth to reduce phosphate levels in people with kidney disease. Calcium Carbonate (a.k.a. Calcium carbonate with magnesium overdose occurs when someone takes more than the normal or recommended amount of medicine that contains these ingredients. 17 February 2008. The toxicity profile of calcium carbonate in birds can therefore be predicted from that reported in the mammalian studies. Materials: Calcium Carbonate Calcium supplements, calcium carbonate in particular, are more readily absorbed when taken with food. The overdose may be by accident or on purpose. and is extracted by mining or quarrying. Calcium carbonate does not eliminate the metals from the soil, but “ties them up” so that they are not as available for uptake by plants. Besides being potentially toxic for humans, heavy metals can be toxic to plants as well. Calcium citrate malate is a well-absorbed form of calcium found in some fortified juices . Reviewed by: Jacob L. Heller, MD, MHA, Emergency Medicine, Emeritus, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, WA. CaCO3) is a non-toxic and odorless inorganic salt, commonly found as a white mineral (calcite) which occurs naturally in chalks, limestones and marbles. Remember that the milk alkali syndrome occurs because of an acid neutralizing substance- an alkali- along with too much calcium. It is medicinally used as a calciumsupplement … Testing by ConsumerLab.com in 2011 found AlgaeCal Plus to contain a higher amount of lead (a toxic heavy metal) (5.2 mcg per daily serving of 4 capsules) than many other calcium-containing supplements. Exposure to dust is regulated and regulated calcium carbonates both naturally ground and precipitated low in recent years, calcium carbonate has been shown to play an important role in achieving environmental balance. Few people die from an antacid overdose. calcium carbonate, calcium carbonate, precipitated, calcium carbonate; calcium carbonate; slaker rejects, calcium salt carbonic acid, carbonic acid calcium salt (1:1), carbonic acid, calcium salt, heavy calcium carbonate, precipitated calcium carbonate, and precipitated chalk High calcium levels can also cause serious heart rhythm disturbances. We have all been there at one point! Calcium Carbonate Overdose is caused by the intake of calcium carbonate containing drug in dosage that is higher than prescribed This intake could be accidental, or in some cases intentional, to bring self-harm Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) is a non-toxic and odourless powder. In contrast to the open equilibrium scenario above, many swimming pools are managed by addition of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) to about 2 mM as a buffer, then control of pH through use of HCl, NaHSO4, Na2CO3, NaOH or chlorine formulations that are acidic or basic. There are many brands and forms of calcium carbonate available. Luckily, calcium carbonate can help prevent or reduce the effects of osteoporosis. Calcium carbonate (dolomite), phosphate, dicalcium phosphate and tricalcium phosphate are usually toxic as they are not well-absorbed. This can be by accident or on purpose. For example, calcium carbonate is 40% calcium by weight, whereas calcium citrate is 21% calcium. Osteoporosis affects about 44 million Americans over 50 years old, according to the National Osteoporosis Foundation, with 80 percent of women affected and 20 percent of men. Coral Calcium is a carbonate based calcium. Legume hay contains calcium, but the calcium has no liming value because the hay has no carbonates. Retrieved December 31, 2010. Calcium carbonate is neutral, substantially insoluble in water and soluble in acid. Paint and Coatings Industry. 16th ed. I-Acute Exposure A-Inhalation The absorption of this type of calcium depends on the pH level in your stomach. I'm mainly concerned about skin contact, should it be avoided? All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. Application Calcium carbonate may be used: • As a pore generating agent to prepare porous ceramics. Calcium is needed by the body for healthy bones, muscles, nervous system, and heart. Ground Calcium Carbonate Markets The ground Calcium Carbonate market is expected to continue to grow over the next few years. Calcium carbonate is an important ingredient of many household products. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2018:chap 139. Characteristics of Calcium Carbonate . Daniel Vitalis explains that we must understand the difference between true spring water that comes from an aquifer, and other types of natural water, such as surface water and well water, which often have higher levels of calcium. Download presentation about Calcium Carbonate and the British Calcium Carbonates Federation . This can be by accident or on purpose. Calcium Carbonate (471-34-1) Listed on the United States TSCA (Toxic Substances Control Act) inventory SARA Section 311/312 Hazard Classes Immediate (acute) health hazard Medical doctors say it is a kind of medical condition called "pica" to eat non food products. About Calcium Carbonate. They are commonly used as descaling agents to remove limescale deposits. Few people die from an antacid overdose. Other calcium forms in supplements or fortified foods include gluconate, lactate, and phosphate. Calcium carbonate with magnesium overdose occurs when someone takes more than the normal or recommended amount of medicine that contains these ingredients. I need to handle it in pure powder form. Uses and emission sources. Calcium carbonate is not very poisonous. The combination of calcium carbonate and magnesium is commonly found in antacids. Most formulas supply calcium in the form of calcium carbonate. There are many brands and forms of calcium carbonate available. 9th ed. Calcium carbonate overdose occurs when someone takes more than the normal or recommended amount of a product containing this substance. Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound used as both a calcium supplement and an antacid. -Effervescent tablets contain insoluble calcium carbonate; when the tablet is added to water, it is converted into absorbable calcium carbonate. The excess calcium in the tissues is a biounavailable form of calcium, often an oxide or carbonate. Recovery is quite likely. Take the container with you to the hospital, if possible. “Calcium and carbonate are both found heavily in the body, and they are generally non-toxic,” Som said. Calcium carbonate is not toxic to animals, and its LD50 for oral rat is 6450 mg/kg. About Calcium Carbonate. Therefore, when HCO−3 concentration is known, the maximum concentration of Ca2+ ions before scaling through CaCO3 precipitation can be predicted from the formula: The solubility product for CaCO3 (Ksp) and the dissociation constants for the dissolved inorganic carbon species (including Ka2) are all substantially affected by temperature and salinity,[54] with the overall effect that [Ca2+]max increases from freshwater to saltwater, and decreases with rising temperature, pH, or added bicarbonate level, as illustrated in the accompanying graphs. Eating Chalk! Calcium carbonate is listed as a food additive and is not considered a toxic substance. [54] Addition of HCO−3 will increase CO2−3 concentration at any pH. Similarly, there is no adverse environmental effect known to be caused by calcium carbonate. Calcium becomes essentially a toxic mineral, causing narrowing of the arteries and calcium deposits in the joints, arteries, kidneys, brain and elsewhere. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. Calcium supplements are generally made with one of two sources of elemental calcium: either calcium carbonate or calcium citrate. InChI=1S/CH2O3.Ca/c2-1(3)4;/h(H2,2,3,4);/q;+2/p-2, InChI=1/CH2O3.Ca/c2-1(3)4;/h(H2,2,3,4);/q;+2/p-2, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, With varying pH, temperature and salinity: CaCO, Solubility in a strong or weak acid solution, Russell, Daniel E . If asbestos is present in calcium carbonate, precautions related to asbestos should be consulted. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Waltham, MA: Elsevier; 2016:41-42, 507-509. An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. In: Walls RM, Hockberger RS, Gausche-Hill M, eds. Calcium carbonate can be dangerous in large amounts. Other articles where Calcium carbonate is discussed: bivalve: The shell: …bivalve shell is made of calcium carbonate embedded in an organic matrix secreted by the mantle. Meehan TJ. Calcium carbonate can decrease the absorption of other drugs. CAS Number : 471-34-1. The combination of calcium carbonate and magnesium is commonly found in antacids. Key value for chemical safety assessment Calcium carbonate can decrease the absorption of other drugs. Calcium Carbonate Overdose is caused by the intake of calcium carbonate containing drug in dosage that is higher than prescribed This intake could … Products that contain calcium carbonate are certain: Other products may also contain calcium carbonate. According to different calcium carbonate production methods, calcium carbonate can be divided into heavy calcium carbonate and light carbon. This article is for information only. But, long-term overuse is more serious than a single overdose, because it can cause kidney stones and more serious damage to kidney function. This is a free and confidential service. Chemical Product and Company Identification Product Name : Calcium carbonate Catalog Codes : SLC1141, SLC4720, SLC4438, SLC1645 CAS# : 471 -34 -1 RTECS : FF9335000 TSCA : TSCA 8(b) inventory: Calcium carbonate Calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) is a white solid, is non-toxic and odourless. Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3. Calcium carbonate is not very poisonous. The maximum amount of CaCO3 that can be "dissolved" by one liter of an acid solution can be calculated using the above equilibrium equations. Alkalosis can cause muscle weakness and an irregular heartbeat. Water, milk, cheese and vegetables are the best source of calcium. Calcium is a mineral that is found naturally in foods. He writes in both English and French. Recovery is quite likely. Calcium Carbonate is a medication used to prevent or treat low blood calcium levels in people who do not get enough calcium from their diets. ", CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020 (, (reprinted at Downeast Salmon Federation), "Occupational safety and health guideline for calcium carbonate", National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, "Evidence for Calcium Carbonate at the Mars Phoenix Landing Site", "Evidence for montmorillonite or its compositional equivalent in Columbia Hills, Mars", "Two Medicine Formation, Montana: geology and fauna", "Calcium carbonate in plastic applications", "Why do calcium carbonate play an important part in Industrial", "precipitated calcium carbonate commodity price", "Understanding the Precipitated Calcium Carbonate (PCC) Production Mechanism and Its Characteristics in the Liquid–Gas System Using Milk of Lime (MOL) Suspension", "Ohio Historical Society Blog: Make It Shine", "Health-behavior induced disease: return of the milk-alkali syndrome", "Current EU approved additives and their E Numbers", "Listing of Food Additives Status Part I", "Standard 1.2.4 – Labelling of ingredients", "Calcium bioavailability of calcium carbonate fortified soymilk is equivalent to cow's milk in young women", "Limestone Dispenser Fights Acid Rain in Stream", "Environmental Uses for Calcium Carbonate", "Cooperative federal-state liming research on surface waters impacted by acidic deposition", "Effects of low pH and high aluminum on Atlantic salmon smolts in Eastern Maine and liming project feasibility analysis", "Solvay Precipitated Calcium Carbonate: Production", "Selected Solubility Products and Formation Constants at 25 °C", California State University, Dominguez Hills, "Factors affecting precipitation of calcium carbonate", "Corrections, potential errors, and significance of the saturation index", "BABES: a better method than "BBB" for pools with a salt-water chlorine generator", The British Calcium Carbonate Association – What is calcium carbonate, CDC – NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards – Calcium Carbonate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Calcium_carbonate&oldid=998661708, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs, Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, releases carbon dioxide upon heating, called a, limited aeration in a deep water column; and, periodic replenishment of bicarbonate to maintain buffer capacity (often estimated through measurement of, In the case of a strong monoacid with decreasing acid concentration [A] = [A, In the case of a weak monoacid (here we take acetic acid with, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 12:44. The absorption of this type of calcium depends on the pH level in your stomach. “When calcium carbonate dissolves, the carbonate becomes carbon dioxide and is released through the lungs, and calcium is often incorporated into the bones.” Calcium carbonate can also be used as an oral antacid and for conditions such as esophagitis and/or gastroduodenal ulcerations. They will give you further instructions. The provider will measure and monitor the person's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Supposedly, calcium carbonate is used in antacids—yet there are warnings about ingestion and contact with skin. The periostracum, the outermost organic layer, is secreted by the inner surface of the outer mantle fold at the mantle margin. Ground calcium carbonate is one of the most versatile and widely used minerals today. The earths crust contains more then 4% calcium carbonate, making it one of nature's most abundant raw materials. Calcium is necessary for many normal functions of the body, especially bone formation and maintenance. Calcium oxalate is anisotropic and can be differentiated from carbonate and silica by its insolubility in acetic acid and a 5% KOH solution and solubility in hydrochloric … This product is absorbed by the respiratory tract. Commercial Production of Calcium Carbonate. Your local poison control center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. Paper fabrication; Plastic fabrication; Ceramics; Toxicology. allow the prediction of concentrations of each dissolved inorganic carbon species in solution, from the added concentration of HCO−3 (which constitutes more than 90% of Bjerrum plot species from pH 7 to pH 8 at 25 °C in fresh water). New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, The Blavatnik Family – Chelsea Medical Center, Heart - Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Mount Sinai – Sema4 Health Discovery Initiative Patient Opt Out Registry, The name of the product (ingredients and strength, if known), ECG (electrocardiogram, or heart tracing), Tube through the mouth into the stomach to empty the stomach (, Breathing support, including tube through the mouth into the lungs and connected to a ventilator (breathing machine). Calcium carbonate is not toxic to animals, and its LD50 for oral rat is 6450 mg/kg. Solutions of strong (HCl), moderately strong (sulfamic) or weak (acetic, citric, sorbic, lactic, phosphoric) acids are commercially available. It is a common substance found in rocks as the minerals calcite and aragonite (most notably as limestone, which is a type of sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcite) and is the main component of pearls and the shells of marine organisms, snails, and eggs. It is a substrate upon which calcium carbonate can be deposited by the… Keep all medicines in child-proof bottles and out of the reach of children. Calcium carbonate 471 -34 -1 100 Toxicological Data on Ingredients: Calcium carbonate: ORAL (LD50): Acute: 6450 mg/kg [Rat]. 24/7 ANIMAL POISON CONTROL CENTER: (855) 764-7661 Call Now The toxicity in cells is investigated as cell viability, while in zebrafish using different biological parameters (i.e. This result is read across to bulk calcium carbonate. High purity with no heavy metals. Coral calcium supplements, despite their popularity, are not recommended by Dr. Wilson … If you or someone you are with overdoses, call your local emergency number (such as 911), or your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. calcium carbonate is an inorganic salt. DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual overdose. The overdose may be by accident or on purpose. Many over-the-counter antacids contain calcium carbonate, which can contribute to your daily calcium intake. calcium carbonate is an inorganic salt. Calcium CARBONATE supplements, specifically, is an acid neutralizing alkali which is why it is used in over the counter 'Antacid' tablets and why it … One of the most prevalent minerals within the human body, calcium is largely retained by the … Edouard Bastarache is a well known doctor that has written many articles on the subject of toxicity of ceramic materials and books on technical aspects of ceramics. 1. This national hotline will let you talk to experts in poisoning. Two popular waste materials for liming are clam shells and wood ashes. This article is for information only. 2. I can't make heads or tails of the information on the net — although there seems to be plenty of it, it seems contradictory. Antacids. Calcium supplements contain varying amounts of elemental calcium. It is available with or without a prescription. When carbonate is absorbed from the digestive tract, it causes the body to become more alkalotic — a condition known as alkalosis. An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. Rearranging the equations given above, we can see that [Ca2+] = .mw-parser-output .sr-only{border:0;clip:rect(0,0,0,0);height:1px;margin:-1px;overflow:hidden;padding:0;position:absolute;width:1px;white-space:nowrap}Ksp/[CO2−3], and [CO2−3] = Ka2 [HCO−3]/[H+]. Calcium carbonate is a non-toxic, odorless, non-irritating white powder and one of the most versatile inorganic fillers. Calcium toxicity refers to an overabundance of calcium within the human body, also known as hypercalcemia.It can result from medical complications that include diseases and hormone imbalances or from excessive calcium intake. The lime equivalent of wood ashes shown in table 23. Calcium is necessary for many normal functions of the body, especially bone formation and maintenance. Calcium carbonate also is used as an antacid to relieve heartburn, acid indigestion, and upset stomach. These medicines provide heartburn relief. Calcium carbonate is the active ingredient in agricultural lime and is created when calcium ions in hard water react with carbonate ions to create limescale. Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). ... Bania TC, Blaufeux B, Hughes S, et al. A healthy diet generally requires 1,000 mg of calcium per day. via drinking water on a day to day basis. High calcium levels can also cause serious heart rhythm disturbances. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Calcium carbonate is a calcium salt commonly found in shells and skeleton of marine animals. The above NIOSH TWA concentration applies to materials which contain 1% crystalline silica. Calcium carbonate is used to prevent or to treat a calcium deficiency. In conclusion, calcium carbonate ingestion in humans up to the tolerable upper intake level of 2500 mg calcium per day (equivalent to a dose of calcium carbonate of 104 mg/kg bw/day for a 60 kg person) does not cause any adverse effects. Calcium carbonate is produced commercially in two different grades. Calcium carbonate, the form of calcium found in Caltrate, is the most concentrated form and is commonly found in food and drug stores.

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